Pharmacognostic and Physicochemical Standardization of Nigella sativa and Allium cepa Seeds

Arif Ahmad Rather*, Kirti Jain

Department of Botany, Govt. Science and Commerce College, Benazeer, Bhopal (M.P.)-462001, India

Received: 15-Sep-2017 , Accepted: 24-Dec-2017

Keywords:  Nigella sativa, Allium cepa, Pharmacognostic, Physicochemical

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20510/ukjpb/5/i6/166567

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How to Cite this Article

Rather AA, Jain K. Pharmacognostic and Physicochemical Standardization of Nigella sativa and Allium cepa Seeds. UKJPB. 2017;5(6): 35-40.

Abstract

Standardization is the code of conduct in order to ensure the proper identification, authentication and also for the standardization of crude herbal drugs. The quality of herbal drugs is the sum of all factors which contribute directly or indirectly to the safety, effectiveness and acceptability of the product. Towards authentication and quality assurance of medicinal plants, pharmacognostic, physicochemical studies of Nigella sativa and Allium cepa seeds were performed. The macroscopic and physicochemical parameters like ash value, loss on drying, foaming index, swelling index, extractive values and fluorescence analysis were carried out as per WHO guidelines. The findings of Pharmacognostic and physicochemical studies can be used as markers in the identification and standardization of Nigella sativa and Allium cepa seeds as a herbal remedy and also towards monograph development on the plant. Further it assists in validating this raw material for use in herbal formulations in the upcoming era.