Physicochemical, Phytochemical Screening and Antimicrobial Activity of Aegle marmelos
Asha Gupta1*, Tessy Thomas1, Shagufta Khan2
1Department of Botany, Govt. P.G. College, Sehore (MP)- 466001, India
2GrowTips Biotech, Saket Nagar, Bhopal (MP)- 462024, India
Received: 01-Mar-2018 , Accepted: 30-May-2018
Keywords: Aegle marmelos, Physicochemical, Phytochemical, Antimicrobial
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Asha Gupta, Tessy Thomas, Shagufta Khan. Physicochemical, Phytochemical Screening and Antimicrobial Activity of Aegle marmelos. UKJPB. 2018; 6(3): 17-24.
The present study was aimed to evaluate the physicochemical, phytochemical screening and antimicrobial assessment of Aegle marmelos fruits extract. The powder was evaluated for loss on drying, alcohol extractive value and aqueous extractive value. The petroleum ether, ethanol and aqueous extract were prepared by soxhlet extraction process. The phytochemical analysis of extracts was performed, and antimicrobial activity of ethanol extracts against various strains was done. The loss on drying, alcohol and aqueous extractive values were 3.9%, 14.2% and 17.6%, respectively. Phytochemical analysis showed the presence of carbohydrates, alkaloids, glycoside, flavonoids, saponins, tannins phenols in ethanol extracts. The ethanol extracts demonstrated moderate to strong antimicrobial activity against S. epidermis, S. aureus, E. coli, P. aeruginosa and C. albicans. Thus in future, extract of Aegle marmelos may be beneficial for another several species of microbes.