Rhizobacteria Suppress Fusarium wilt and Early Blight Diseases in Tomato Grown with Organic Fertilizers

Adedire O. M.1*, Fajobi A. K.1, Ibitoye D. O.1, Osesusi A. O.2, Pitan A. A.3

1Federal College of Agriculture, P.M.B 5029 Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria

2Ekiti State University, P.M.B 5363 Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti, Nigeria

3National Horticultural research Institute, P.M.B 5432 Idi-ishin, Oyo, Nigeria

Received: 05-Aug-2018 , Accepted: 15-Oct-2018

Keywords: Rhizobacterial consortium, Fusarium oxysporum, Alternaria solani

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20510/ukjpb/6/i5/177352

 

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How to Cite this Article

Adedire OM, Fajobi AK, Ibitoye DO, Osesusi AO, Pitan AA. Rhizobacteria Suppress Fusarium wilt and Early Blight Diseases in Tomato Grown with Organic Fertilizers. UKJPB. 2018; 6(5): 41-47.

Abstract

Due to the established toxic effects of agrochemical accumulation in humans, there is an increasing demand for organic agricultural production in Nigeria. The production of highly nutritious and daily consumed crops like tomato through organic farming (using biosupplements) would go a long way in reducing the risks associated with the consumption of inorganic pesticides and fertilizers. In order to investigate the effects of rhizobacterial biosupplement on the resistance and yield of tomato grown with organic fertilizers, the predominant rhizosphere bacteria associated with healthy tomato isolated in this study (Bacillus thuringiensis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus macerans and Bacillus cereus) were added as a consortium to improve the availability of organic nutrients to plants. Performance measures including the numbers of fruit, branches, leaves, plant height, days to first flowering and days to 50% flowering at 20.00, 17.67, 176.33, 73.33 cm, 70.43 and 78.00 were all better (higher or lower) in treated tomato plants than untreated set. A significant reduction in percentage prevalence was recorded for Fusarium wilt, as well as Early blight diseases on treated plants (seed treatment with rhizobacterial consortium) compared to plants grown from untreated seeds. However, seed treatment appeared to be less effective in the treatment of Bacterial wilt disease of tomato, with percentage prevalence of 41.70 and 42.90 recorded for treated and untreated plants at nine weeks after planting respectively. It could be concluded that the application of rhizobacterial consortium (as seed treatment) improved the yield and resistance of tomato to Fusarium wilt and Early blight diseases caused by Fusarium oxysporum and Alternaria solani respectively.