Respiratory and Non-respiratory Symptoms/Signs in Exposed Camphor Industrial Workers in Aba, Abia State, South East Nigeria

Mmehibe FO1, Alagwu ND2, Ngwu EE2, Alagwu EA2

1Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Abia State University, P.M.B 2000, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria

2Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Imo State University, P.M.B 2000, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

Received: 24-Oct-2018 , Accepted: 21-Dec-2018

Keywords: Camphor, Respiratory symptoms, Non-respiratory symptoms, Workers



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Mmehibe FO, Alagwu ND, Ngwu EE, Alagwu EA. Respiratory and Non-respiratory Symptoms/Signs in Exposed Camphor Industrial Workers in Aba, Abia State, South East Nigeria. UKJPB. 2018; 6(6): 34-37.


Respiratory and Non-respiratory symptoms/sign in exposed Camphor industrial workers in Aba, Abia State, South East Nigeria, were studied. 100 selected Igbo women, working in Camphor industry for over 15 years were studied and they constitute the test group. They were compared with control subjects not exposed to Camphor or any known air pollutants. Both subjects were aged 25-50 years and weighed between 50-70 kg. Respiratory symptoms studied include dry unproductive cough, productive sputum cough, running/nasal congestion, sneezing, breathlessness, wheeze and chest pain. Non-respiratory symptoms investigated include feeling hot, general body pain, waist pain, internal heat, night fever, excessive sweating, occasional vomiting, abdominal ache, heat rashes, insomnia and blood pressure. The study lasted 3 months and was carried out using questionnaires and other necessary instruments after obtaining their consents. Results obtained showed that all respiratory symptoms in the study subjects (test) were highly significant when compared with control subjects (P<0.001). In non-respiratory symptoms, vomiting, abdominal ache and blood pressure in both the test and control were not statistically significant (P>0.05), others were statistically significant when the test subjects were compared with control (P<0.05). It was concluded that Camphor has significant effects on respiratory and non-respiratory symptoms/signs in exposed Camphor industrial workers.